English version

Today we remember those, who died and bow down before those, who overcame horrible years of repressions and remained alive. The 30th of October is the Day of Memory about victims of political repressions in Russia. For the first time it was marked in 1991 in memory about the hunger strike of prisoners of camps in Mordovia, which started on this day in 1974. Conducting this action became possible only owing to democratic alterations in the end of the 80-s - the beginning of the 90-s.

For many Yamal's people this is not just the marked date in the calendar. This is the day of memory about people, who overcame through Stalin's terror, who survived or was lost forever. This is the day of memory about ruined lives, the black day, which came to memory of millions. .
Many victims - Yamal's people are rehabilitated for the present day, their rights and titles are restored. The law of Russian Federation "About rehabilitation of victims of political repressions" set the row of social privileges for them, bodies of social protection of population of the Autonomous Okrug are occupied with them.

Everything, what is written later is objective fixing the facts, based on true materials, which allow evaluating the history of everything, what happened during far "Stalin's" time. Our country has horrible reminiscences and none of democratic alterations can destroy them. And maybe there is no need. On the contrary, probably we can clear up the facts and passed years and it will be easier to prevent from the same tragedy in the future. The endless number of articles is written about "The Dead road", about "The Close theatre", and about those, who just disappeared in vast scopes of Yamal. And anyway, years pass and those, who look into the eyes of Veterans, standing near the eternal fire on the Victory Day (9th of May) or on the Day of Mourn (22nd of June), sees in them millions of those, after whom only marks with numbers remained along railroad nets, along the whole territory of our Motherland.

"The might of Russia will grow with Siberia", - Mikhaylo Lomonosov said about riches of our region. But roads are necessary for mastering such big territory. Rivers served as roads for first explorers. It was possible to get to the river Ob and the river Yenisey from Ural slopes, along the system of river floods. People came here for different fur, pelts and walrus bone. But short northern summer restricted drifting along rivers and the North Sea Route. In the end of the XIX century M.K. Sidorov and A.M. Sibiryakov, who made much for researching Arctic and Siberia, were supporters of building the railroad net. They elaborated projects, but the Tsar government denied them. In the beginning of the XX century A.A. Borisov became the successor of the idea of building the railroad as a regular transport. He presented the project of Ob-Murmansk Railroad with entrance to the non-frozen port, and through it to the large international communications. In his opinion, this railroad line should have become the only mean of rational solving of transport problem for northern regions. But this project was denied, because it was not fixed with real researches. Besides, big investments were necessary for building and the Tsar treasury was emptied with war. The first Soviet government, anxious about the absence of transport in the North, also could not find means for such enormous building. Only in 1943, according to the initiative of Norilsk combined plant researches along the route Salekhard-Yenisey-Norilsk started. During the Great Patriotic War the work was stopped.

After horrible war years, when the country was in ruins, in April of 1947 the powers took the decision to start building the sea port, the largest in the North - in the mouth of the river Ob on the 60's parallel and laying-on the railroad to it from the town Vorkuta. Executors of work were convicts, basically political. The hard geological and climatic conditions did not prevent from starting trains already in the end of 1948 along the sector 200 kilometers, which crossed Polar Urals from the station Choom to the settlement Labytnanghy on the bank of the river Ob. However, further carrying out the plan stopped - during the building it became clear that Ocean liners would not be able to come into the port. Obskiy Inlet is shallow-watered here.

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