The Finnish scientists are studying the problem of overgrazing in Yamal
13:12 9 июля 2014
Категории: News in English
The expedition of scientific employees of the University of Lapland, the participants of the projects RISES and ORHELIA are going from Salekhard to the Mordy-Yakha River, Yamalskiy district.
All the researches are connected with ethnology and state of environment. This group works in Yamal during several years. Reindeer herders of Yamalskiy and Nadym districts conducting nomadic way of life in the districts of the Yuribey River and the Mordy-Yakha River are basic objects of their attention. The head of the project doctor Bruce Forbes, doctor Timo Kumpula, Rosa Laptander, Nina Meschtyb told about the tasks of the expedition on the briefing in the scientific center for exploration of the Arctic, with which the University of Lapland had concluded the agreement.
They presented the international project RISES, which is financed by the Academy of Finland, the Scandinavian public fund, which gives one grant per year. This grant was received for work on the Yamal peninsula. One of the aims of the project is to unite the verbal history of Nenets people with archeological data, results of scientific researches of paleo-ecologists, ethnologists and biologists.
For example, the scientists presented the problem of overgrazing of reindeer pastures. The conclusion that Yamal is overloaded with reindeer is made on the basis of the data received from the 30-s till today. But the data taken from a space satellite speak that there is enough vegetation here and the area cannot be overgrazed.
As Rosa Laptander notes, the analogous contradiction is observed in the north of Finland, Scandinavia. There statements about overgrazing also contradict to data received from space satellites and state policy towards deer herders.
According to the words of Nina Meschtyb, the scientists intend to clear up, why pastures good for pasturing are not used; it needs to consider the subject deeply.
The scientists underline that they master a new direction in scientific environment on practice. Earlier knowledge of indigenous peoples was not taken into consideration seriously; it was taken as a myth. Unique character of the projects is in so that data received within the expedition directly from nomads will be compared to results of scientific researches, data registered in scientific archives and publications, with decoding of space images, starting from archival to modern ones.