Archeologists defined borders of the settlement Samotnel with help of magnetic exploration
8:05 30 сентября 2014
Категории: News in English
Conducting of magnetic exploration on the monument Samotnel became one of important stages of field archeological work this year in Yamal.
Such exploration is a complex of geophysical researches, at which degree of magnetization of soil is measured. It allows finding archeological objects and fixing them on the map, defining borders of settlements.
Within the press-conference in the news agency IA «Sever-Press» an employee of the sector of archeology at the center of exploration of the Arctic Daniil Tupakhin told about the fact that borders of a Neolithic settlement situated on the right bank of the Ob River, between the settlements Aksarka and Salemal, were precisely defined.
As he reminds, the age of the monument is more than 5000 years old. It was found in 2009 by local inhabitants. Excavations have been conducted since 2010. The archeologists think that fishermen lived on this cape. As Daniil Tupakhin tells, the deep trench found in the settlement was researched this year. It is unknown what functions it fulfilled. The archeologists found items made of bone and bone materials on its lower layer, they were never found here before. They require for study and search for analogues. Fragments of ornamented birch bark found in lower layers of the excavations are among the most interesting findings. Now the birch bark is on restoration in the Museum-exhibition complex of Shemanovskiy. The chief of the sector of archeology at the center for exploration of the Arctic Natalia Fyodorova underlined unique character of this finding and mainly its ancient nature. As she notes, ornament is a code, and artifacts are very important to decode it. During long time the specialists went deeper to history of modern Ugric people, Khanty people and Mansi people of the region of the River Ob only up to the 17th century. And this birch bark was ornamented 5380 years ago.
Also Natalia Fyodorova broke the myth about so that Russian people taught local inhabitants to fishing with help of a fishing-net. Inhabitants of Samotnel, who lived on the Big Ob River, had fishing-nets and plummets, when there were no Russian people here. This monument once again shows that not wild culture existed here in ancient time; it was not an edge of the earth, where people did not know and were not able to do something. It was not so, as the scientist says.