Archeologists of Yamal plan the finish work in the ancient settlement Yarte-6
9:30 2 октября 2014
Категории: News in English
The collection of articles «The Arctic Archeology» and application to it appeared this year in Yamal. This is a publication of materials of the collection from the excavations of the ancient settlement Yarte-6 in the form of a catalogue.
Thus, new materials of field researches of previous seasons will be introduced into the scientific turnover. This information was given on the press-conference in the news agency IA «Sever-Press» by an employee of the sector of archeology at the center for exploration of the Arctic Andrey Plekhanov. As he notes, archeology of tundra is closely connected with ethnography. In particular, researches of the unique medieval monument confirm that Yarte-6 is one of the most important episodes in forming of economic adaptations of indigenous ethnic minorities of Yamal tundra. This winter employees of the center for exploration of the Arctic are waiting for results from their colleagues from the Arctic center at the University of Lapland (Rovaniemi, Finland), who conducted paleo-botanical researches, in particular, sporo-pollen analysis of soil. Such analysis will help to set, which plants in which period of time were spread on the territory of the Yuribey River, where the monument is situated. And integrated researches of the archeologists allow learning, how landscape was changed in dynamics at reindeer husbandry. It is very important at solving of a modern problem of overgrazing. As the archeologist notes, their colleagues from the University of Lapland study how industrial development influences on nature: dwarf vegetation, which is called forest by Nenets people. And the specialists from Yamal help them to restore the picture, which was formed on the border of the 11th and 12th centuries, and to compare it with modern situation.
As Natalia Fyodorova, the head of the sector of archeology at the center for exploration of the Arctic notes that the monument Yarte-6 is in the key place – the border between the south tundra and typical tundra. The Yuribey River forms the wide floodplain here. It is overgrown with polar willow. This is a very good place for reindeer. Probably, exactly there they crossed the Yuribey River, where people waited for them. And Andrey Plekhanov is busy with history of these people. He compared all monuments of Yamal tundra by the number of found bones and the area of excavations. The biggest number of bones in comparison to other monuments of Yamal was found in Yarte-6. Tools for processing of pelts make the biggest part of the collection. As Natalia Fyodorova notes, a new slaughter complex is being built now on the Yuribey River. Again it is seen that modern history has deep roots, and it is possible to follow it.
As Andrey Plekhanov informs, the finish work on Yarte-6 is scheduled for next field season. There is much to excavate there. As the specialists are busy with fundamental science, they want to leave a part of Yarte-6 untouched, as archeological methods are being perfected. They continue attracting scientists from other regions with new methods, in order to research the remaining part of the monument with help of innovations.