The Valdai International Discussion Club: Russia should help in disputes arising on the Arctic
15:40 23 октября 2014
Категории: News in English
In conditions of growth of international competition for resources in the Arctic the countries of the Arctic region should act on the basis of the principles of predictability and stability, and Russia as an important player must help to solve appearing disputes on this region by peaceful means.
The authors of the report on Russian policy in the Arctic: how to avoid a new cold war consider this. The document was prepared for the eleventh annual session of the International Discussion Club «Valdai», as RIA «Novosti» informs. The authors are: professor of the University of Lapland Lassi Heininen and experts of St. Petersburg State University and Petrozavodsk State University Alexander Sergunin and Gleb Yarovoy.
The authors note that interest to the Arctic and its natural resources is increasing worldwide due to the level of stability and transparency for economic activities high relatively to other regions. However, with the growth of international competition for resources in the Arctic it is important to ensure unity of the Arctic countries on the basis of the principles of peace, predictability and stability, environmental protection and international cooperation in counteraction against common challenges, as experts say.
In this regard, the necessity for Moscow to activate bilateral and multilateral international cooperation and solving of existing disputes on the Arctic by peaceful means receives special significance, as the authors write.
Besides the fact that Russia, as they declare, is the most important player in the Arctic simply because of geographical factors, thus economic significance of this region is big for Russia. The experts note that the Arctic region provides about ten-fifteen percent of Russian gross domestic product and twenty-five percent of national exports.
Encouragement by Russia of large-scale cooperation on the Arctic, in which not only Arctic states should be participants, but also transnational players, international companies and indigenous population of the North, will bring Russia not only foreign capital investments and technologies, but also a powerful stimulus for the process of institutional modernization within the Arctic policy, as it is said in the publication.
The authors of the report believe that if all interested sides will give their preferences not to methods of force but to diplomatic, economic and cultural methods and will find the consensus in the context of complex interdependence, then a new model of international relations can appear in the Arctic.