Dmitriy Kobylkin spoke on the report within the conference of the Security Council of Russia
11:45 26 февраля 2015
Категории: News in English
The governor of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Dmitriy Kobylkin participated in the conference of the Security Council of Russia, which took place under the chairpersonship of Nikolay Patrushev in Khanty-Mansiysk. The participants discussed issues touching upon energy security of Russia and also problems connected with rights of indigenous ethnic minorities of the North.
Within the sitting Dmitriy Kobylkin presented the report about fulfillment of the state strategy on development of the Russian Arctic zone and national security till 2020 within sustainable development and protection of interests of indigenous ethnic minorities of the North. According to the information given by the governor, 42 thousand representatives of indigenous ethnic minorities of the North reside in Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, 40 percent of them or 16500 people conduct traditional nomadic way of life. The local authorities work on several directions to reach sustainable results towards indigenous northerners: providing of accessible and effective medicine, qualitative education, housing and developing of agro-industrial complex, as the governor notes. According to the information given by Dmitriy Kobylkin, 7 objects of health protection provided with all necessary equipment were built during the latest 3 years on places of traditional residing of indigenous peoples. The bigger part of medical and obstetrical stations is constructed at once with housing for physicians. Mobile medical crews and subdivisions of air ambulance were made and work in Yamal now. Transportation of nomads from hospitals to their places of residence – to tundra is organized. Last year 352 families (on 25 percent more than a year ago) improved their housing conditions.
The governor focused attention on original way of life of tundra people. Therefore, agro-industrial complex in Yamal is not only a branch of economy but also an important part of social policy. Development of processing of venison in the region allows attracting bigger number of communities and reindeer herders of the private sector to delivery of reindeer meat. During the latest five years the amount of sale of venison three times increased – up to 2500 tons; the plan – up to 4000 tons. Ships-refrigerators of arctic class were built for development of fishing branch of Yamal. In the result it is planned to increase yearly amounts of fishing in the region up to 12 thousand tons. Development of processing of venison, growth of fishing and, in general, development of agro-industrial complex simultaneously with growth of number of working places increases profitability of agricultural branch and revenues of population, first of all, indigenous population.
Special attention in the arctic region is paid to issues of education. More than 9000 pupils from indigenous ethnic minorities of the North study in educational institutions now. More than 70 percent of them study in boarding schools. National specifics are considered at elaboration of educational programs. The pilot project «Nomadic school» is fulfilled in the region. It is directed to maximum approach of modern standards of education to residing conditions of children in traditional environment.
Dmitriy Kobylkin focused attention also on another extremely important aspect in protection of traditional way of life of indigenous peoples – rational nature management. As he notes, 13 specially protected natural territories were created in the region. During three years their total area 1.5 times increased. It is important to note that economic subjects with respect treat this position on protection of unique ecological systems of the Arctic. A considerable part in yearly concluded agreements about cooperation with fuel and energy companies is given to fulfillment of interests and needs of indigenous population. Trading stations, processing complexes, objects of social infrastructure are built at support of oil and gas companies, also ecological and scientific research projects are fulfilled, as Dmitriy Kobylkin notes.
The head of the arctic region made suggestions on perfection of federal normative and legal base in the sphere of providing of sustainable development and protection of rights of indigenous northerners. The elaborated suggestions will be reflected in the report for the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, as the press-service of the governor of Yamal informs.