Archeologists of Yamal and Canada study history of origin of sledge-dog breeding
16:06 2 июня 2015
Категории: News in English
Professor of the University of Alberta (Edmonton, Canada) Robert J. Losey and a researcher Tatiana Nomokonova visited the scientific center for study of the Arctic with a suggestion about cooperation.
The Canadian scientists got acquainted to collections of the archeological monument Ust-Poluy, where big number of bone remains of dogs had been found. Judging by burial of the findings, ancient ancestors of people of Yamal sacrificed animals. Robert Losey notes that this collection of the remains of dogs is the biggest in the Arctic. Its study will shed light on history of origin of sledge-dog breeding and also will help to reconstruct material culture and economy of population of the Low Ob from the first century BC to the first century AD, as the press-service of the governor of Yamal informs.
Robert Losey tells that he studies remains of animals on ancient camps and burial places in Baikal region. He read information about the archeological monument Ust-Poluy in a scientific magazine. Siberian dogs are the subject of his study. He became interested with the information about finding of a small knife decorated with an image looking like, admittedly, a sledge dog. Having studied the collection of Ust-Poluy being preserved in the Museum-exhibition complex of Ivan Shemanovskiy, the Canadian colleagues made sure that the image was, more likely, not of a dog but a predator as a wolverine.
As the zoo-archeologist notes, there is a version that the North of Western Siberia could be the place, where sledge-dog breeding appeared. In order to prove or deny this supposition it needs to research the remains of dogs found in Ust-Poluy. Their colleagues, the Siberian scientists advised to speak to Natalia Fyodorova and Andrey Gusev from the scientific center for study of the Arctic, as he tells. Thus, he arrived to Salekhard.
In the results of consultations with the colleagues from Yamal the scientists from the University of Alberta planned several joint projects. They hope to start working on them next year.
Before the trip to Yamal the Canadian scientists conducted several days in Yekaterinburg. In a paleo-ecologic laboratory with help of computer tomography they studied bones of dogs brought from excavations in Ust-Poluy and preserved in the laboratory. Also they made transverse cuts of long bones of dogs to determine their belonging to a sledge or hunting individuals.