The high risk area. It is planned to join Yamal to the program of the World Meteorological Organization
14:51 2 февраля 2016
Категории: News in English
The seminar «CryoNet Asia» was opened in Salekhard. Opportunities of cooperation of Yamal with the World Meteorological Organization are being discussed within it.
The event will last till the 5th of February. Leading scientists and meteorologists from more than 15 counties of the world are participating in it. The agenda includes issues of development of CryoNet in the Arctic and high-mountain districts of Asia, study of the best Russian and foreign experience in measurements of indexes of cryosphere. The program of the seminar includes the presentation of Beliy Island as the platform for creation of a new station of «CryoNet» and also field work on the Ob River.
The deputy governor of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Alexander Mazharov welcomed the participants of the conference. As he notes, every year Yamal conducts scientific researches providing the region with new data about state of ecological systems, cryogenic processes taking place here and their influence on industrial objects, influence of climate changes on populations of arctic species of animals and birds. But even the deepest knowledge can not give a full scientific picture if they are not strengthened with data received as a whole from other territories. «Therefore we willingly answered to the initiative about conducting of the conference «CryoNet Asia» in Salekhard, and we are ready to make out contribution to development of the network of observations over state of cryosphere», as Alexander Mazharov said.
A representative of the secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization Etienne Charpentier from Switzerland tells that monitoring over parameters of cryosphere is one of priority directions. The informational portal was created for this aim. Regularly it receives data from the stations of «CryoNet» around the whole world. New technologies for conducting of researches are attracted.
The network «CryoNet» works on the program «Global Cryosphere Watch» of the World Meteorological Organization and conducts observations over state of parameters of permafrost, snow cover, fresh-water and sea ices in the Arctic, the Antarctica and high-mountain districts of the planet. In Russia the following objects participate in this project: the observatory of Roshydromet in the settlement Tiksi, the ice base «Cape Baranov» on the archipelago Severnaya Zemlya and the permafrost-studying station of the RAS in Yakutia.
Organizing of the monitoring station on Beliy Island will provide scientists with data of high accuracy about climate and ecological processes taking place in the Arctic. The region has already conducted necessary work for joining to the program «Global Cryosphere Watch». In 2014 the scientific and research stationary center was created on Beliy Island to receive expedition groups in order to give the territory to use by scientists after the general cleaning.
The seminar is taking place at support of the department of science and innovations of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the Russian center for exploration of the Arctic.
The deputy director of the Arctic institute Alexander Danilov has explained significance of these researches for Yamal to journalists. As he says, the region is situated in the area, where warming in the Arctic is more noticeable. The area of more intensive and fastest changes includes arctic seas and adjoining coastlines, including the zone of the Kara Sea, where these changes are very considerable. People live in Yamal, gas is extracted here, and extractive fields stand on icy rocks. The port of Sabetta will function. At that, some scientists consider that gas emissions, in the result of which funnels were formed in Yamal, could be initiated with so, that the latest years were warm. Yamal is the high risk area. Therefore, observations, which will be fulfilled on the same sets of methods as on other stations, are very important for it. It needs to be on guard in order to forecast, make conclusions, to take administrative decisions. For example, now Gazprom very attentively observes over changes of environment, in particular, in Bovanenkovo. Scenarios of climate changes are available, it needs to use them, and data of these scenarios, as on Beliy Island, have valuable significance.