The first observation station in the world. Yamal can become a participant of the scientific Eurasian project
10:15 12 февраля 2016
Категории: News in English
The deputy governor of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Alexander Mazharov met with the Russian and Finnish scientists – the participants of interdisciplinary project “Pan-Eurasian Experiment”.
The aim of the arrival is in acquaintance with the region and possible cooperation in conducting of scientific researches on the territory of the region, inclusion of Yamal to the existing network of observations over environment and climate in arctic and taiga districts of North Eurasia.
In the interview to the journalists Alexander Mazharov marked importance of this project for Yamal — unique by its climate and intensity of development of extractive fields, construction of industrial and civil objects. As he says, Yamal is like a litmus test that can show what is happening with climate not only on its territory but also in the arctic part of Russia, of Europe. “We are interested in equipment that will not only help to predict processes but also to influence on them in order to minimize the burden of industrial development”, as he noted.
As we should remind, the project PEEX appeared in 2012 by the initiative of the University of Helsinki and the Finnish Meteorological Institute, Moscow State University, the institute Aerocosmos and institutes of the Russian Academy of sciences. It unites more than 100 organizations of Europe, Russia and China and also the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and the International Eurasian Academy of Sciences.
Observation stations of the new generation are installed within the project to receive data about state of atmosphere, soil, water reservoirs and anthropogenic landscapes for further fundamental and applied researches.
According to the words of the head of PEEX Markku Kulmala, from the practical point of view the experiment is aimed at receiving of knowledge necessary for keeping of normal life activity of people in conditions of climate change and environment pollution.
As professor says, the Yamal Peninsula is a strategically important area for observations. Here it is convenient to measure concentration of various gases in the air such as sulfur dioxide, various hydrocarbons, nitrogen particles. Prospects for understanding of what is happening in cryosphere and permafrost are being opened in the region. He has big expectations from the results of the discussion of this project.
Markku Kulmala notes that, in the case of inclusion of Yamal into the project, the station on its territory will become one of the first in the world. The oldest one is situated in a central part of Finland, it is already 21 years old. There are also stations in China, South Africa and Estonia. Professor hopes that the station in Yamal will become the first one in Russia.
The head of the scientific direction of the Institute of the Earth’s cryosphere at the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, academician Vladimir Melnikov shared the news that in Tyumen the participants of the experiment had reached an agreement with the University about creation of the academic department of cryosophy. Already this year the department will receive one million dollars from the budget. The scientists intend to participate in the contest for 800 million rubles more. The verbal approval of the governor of Tyumen Oblast Vladimir Yakushev to support this project was received.
But the most important thing is in so that it became international after agreement of the Finnish scientists to participate in the work of the academic department, as Vladimir Melnikov notes. And the scientists will participate in international funds, projects, grants. The beginning of 2016 was marked by great success, as he underlines.
Academician also notes that industrial companies working on the territory of Yamal also can show their interest in financing of the project – results of these researches are very important for them.