Scientists of Yamal found burial places on the archeological monument Yur-Yakha 3
16:39 15 сентября 2016
Категории: News in English
Scientists from Yamal started researching the monument Yur-Yakha 3 found in 1997 within archeological study on the Yamal peninsula by Anna Brusnitsyna. They found fragments of ceramics, a cultural layer. That time the monument received the status of a settlement, now it is partially destroyed with wind erosion.
This information was given to a correspondent of IA “Sever-Press” by a senior researcher of the center for study of the Arctic Andrey Plekhanov. He explains that the cultural layer on monuments on the Yamal peninsula is small, and its availability plus finding of ceramics serves the starting point for the research. The work was still conducted on the archeological program being financed from at the expenses of the region. Besides, support was rendered by the interregional expedition center “Arktika”.
Andrey Plekhanov tells that the scientists opened the area in 125 square meters, the capacity of the cultural layer varied from 10 to 11 centimeters. According to the plans, they found three burial places of people; one of them was devastated already in the ancient times. In the opinion of the scientist, all of them are interesting from the point of view of science. The monument is dated with the 9th-12th centuries.
Things were preserved in two burial places: a bronze handle with an iron knife, a fragment of a bronze bracelet with an image of a bear, a wood scraper with an iron detail, a yangach (a wooden paddle for beating snow from clothing and footgear). One of the burial places preserved completely was kept under a covering made of pieces of wood. An iron knife was found there. Almost nothing remained in the devastated grave: two bones, a fragment of fur and the remains of the deceased person were scattered on the territory of the monument, in particular the skull, under which the archeologists found a large iron knife. The found ceramics, more likely, was a component of the burial ritual.
The scientists were able to reconstruct two pots. It is a big rarity for the Yamal peninsula. A part of fragments of this pottery was found in one of the graves, as Alexander Plekhanov tells. People ate (the note: more likely, it was the farewell dinner) before the funeral, then broke pots, and when they buried the dead, the fragments of the ceramics fell into the grave, as he notes.
After cameral work and writing of the report the scientists of Yamal will specify the status of this monument. This is a settlement, but there is a burial place there, and the number of graves is unknown, probably, not all are found.
It is desirable to make geomagnetic survey. Such opportunity has appeared in the scientific center for study of the Arctic since this year, as Andrey Plekhanov says. This monument resonates with other settlements found in Yamal.