Today, on the 19th of September, the Arctic Council is celebrating the birthday. The organization that regulates activity of all countries in the region at solving of many issues exists during already 21 years.
The main activities of the Arctic Council are the following: support of sustainable development of the region, environmental protection, preservation of culture, traditions and languages of indigenous peoples of the North. The founders specifically agreed that the organization would not deal with issues of military security, as RIA “Novosti” informs.
The Council was founded in 1996 in Ottawa by eight Arctic countries — Russia, the USA, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Canada, Finland and Iceland. Six organizations of indigenous peoples joined them.
To ensure active participation of representatives of Arctic indigenous peoples in activity of the Arctic Council the status of a permanent participant (participation in all discussions but without voting rights) was granted to six organizations of indigenous peoples – Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC), Aleut International Association, Saami Council (SC), the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East (RAIPON), Arctic Athabaskan Council (AAC), Gwich’in Council International (GCI), as the Ministry for foreign affairs of Russia informs.