Copies of ancient harnesses will shed light on nomadic reindeer husbandry
12:02 14 июня 2018
Категории: News in English
On the 14th of June the Canadian anthropologists Robert Losey and Tatiana Nomokonova told about their trip to tundra of Seyakha, where they had conducted experiments with fragments of copies of ancient reindeer harnesses.
The scientists showed the items to local reindeer herders, compared them with modern harnesses and tried to use in practice.
Robert Losey brought about 20 plates and blocks of the reindeer harness made of reindeer antler and plastic material. Copies of the artifacts from the cultural layer of Ust-Poluy make more than a half of their number. The conclusion about appearing of harness reindeer husbandry already in the II century BC was made according to this cultural layer. The scientist scanned the originals, after that he printed a part of fragments on the 3D-printer. The copies made of reindeer antlers were made with help of an electric tool.
According to the scientist, the amount of the brought items is enough only for a half of a harness. But it is enough to understand how reindeer herders’ items changed through centuries. In Canada Robert Losey cannot make such experiments, as there is no nomadic reindeer husbandry there. In Yamal northern reindeer husbandry is preserved practically in its original form.
The conducted researches are very interesting from the archeological and anthropological points of view, as they will bring new knowledge about forming of large-herd reindeer husbandry in Yamal and in the north of Siberia in general. Last year this work was supported by Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. Also archeologists of the scientific center for study of the Arctic Natalia Fyodorova, Andrey Gusev and Andrey Plekhanov are participating in the project.