Stability and prosperity for 100 years is being predicted for reindeer husbandry in Yamal
12:05 14 июня 2018
Категории: News in English
Reindeer husbandry in Yamal is one of the most stable in the world, it is a phenomenon.
A researcher of the chair of anthropology of Aberdeen University (Great Britain) Dmitry Arzyutov told this on the 14th of June to journalists. As he notes, a Russian anthropologist Andrey Golovnev wrote about the phenomenon of Nenets reindeer husbandry in history of the Arctic.
Dmitry is busy with history and ethnography of reindeer husbandry, with study of wild and domestic deer. He considers the northern part of the Yamal Peninsula special. It is also interesting to observe life of tundra-dwellers. It turns out that women make “farau” — birch shavings for wiping the table.
“This technology is almost forgotten and is not found anywhere. We asked, and the hostess made such thing at our presence”, as the scientist said.
As it needs to note, women in choums still wash dishes with the moss (“khnyartso”). (The note: a choum is home of nomadic reindeer herders, it is a tent covered with reindeer hides, and it is similar to a tepee).
The scientists give optimistic forecasts for development of reindeer husbandry in Yamal, at the condition that people living in Yamal take responsibility for reindeer husbandry on themselves.
“If development will be quite aggressive, if not to consider interests of local population, it will cause great dangers, but if it is reasonable balance and good relations, then chances for stability and prosperity of reindeer husbandry are very large”, as Dmitry Arzyutov said.
A Canadian anthropologist Robert Losey predicts stability and prosperity of reindeer husbandry in Yamal for the next 100 years.
As we should remind, the Canadian anthropologists Robert J. Losey and Tatiana Nomokonova visited tundra of Seyakha, where they conducted experiments with fragments of replicas of ancient reindeer harnesses. In nomadic camps they spent almost three weeks, during all these days the weather did not please them, and there was a snowstorm. The scientists also were disappointed that they never saw a bear in tundra.