Private reindeer herders will become peasants and farmers. It is necessary in order to receive state support
16:01 26 ноября 2018
Категории: News in English
In Yamal private reindeer herders will be integrated into the system of support of agricultural commodity producers that exists today in the region. The bigger number of reindeer is concentrated in their hands – about 480 thousand animals. This big category has no official status, and, correspondingly, their right for state support of reindeer-herding activity is somewhat restricted. Meanwhile, activities in the sphere of protection of original environment and traditional lifestyle of indigenous peoples are successfully fulfilled in Yamal within state programs. This information was given on the 26th of November by the director of the department of agro-industrial complex of Yamal Viktor Yugai within the sitting of the Association of the World Reindeer Herders.
According to him, work on giving of the corresponding status to private reindeer herders at the legislative level takes place today. Thus, Yamal received support of the Ministry of agriculture of the Russian Federation in the issue of bringing in changes to the federal law “On a personal subsidiary farm”. The initiative of Yamal was sent for coordinating with other reindeer-herding regions of the country. Bringing in changes to legislation will allow giving private reindeer herders the status of a personal subsidiary farm to conduct reindeer husbandry.
At that, more effective form of conducting of reindeer husbandry is suggested to private reindeer herders at the regional level already now. The talk is about creation of peasant farm holdings. This juridical status automatically makes a reindeer-herding family a subject of state support – they will be able to receive funds for maintenance of their reindeer and for sale of reindeer-herding products as “plus” to those revenue that a family has for delivery of reindeer to slaughter.
Thus, private reindeer-herding enterprises in the prospect will be able to become effective elements in fulfillment of the national project “Small and medium business and support of individual entrepreneur initiative” within the presidential decree in a part of creation of the system for support of farmers and development of rural cooperation.
Now large-scale preparatory work in this direction is being carried out. The center of competences on providing of legal, information and marketing support at creation of small forms of economic activity in rural areas was established in the region.
For next year the regional budget provides grants for newly created peasant farm holdings. The amount of one grant is up to three million rubles. As Victor Yugai explains to the guests from abroad, this money will be enough for a reindeer herder to buy the necessary minimum to develop his farm – up to 200 reindeer and, for example, snowmobiling equipment.
Already in its first year of operation a reindeer-herding farm has the right to receive regional subsidies for manufacturing of products.
Peasant farm holdings being created by private reindeer herders will be able to become full-fledged participants in the national project and be united in agricultural consumer cooperatives. In Yamal this is a new form of farming.