Reindeer herders of the world will exchange young people
16:00 26 ноября 2018
Категории: News in English
The Association of the World Reindeer Herders intends to develop international cooperation between students. This was announced on the 26th of November after the sitting of the Board of the Association in Salekhard by the Secretary General of the international organization Anders Oskal (Norway) to journalists. According to him, the local reindeer herders made a great impression on the young Sami people, who visited Yamal.
According to Anders Oskal, the reindeer herders are great; they have very strong traditional knowledge. But there was a moment when his team was stronger – in driving snowmobiles.
In addition, he invited young residents of Yamal to visit Norway. This is an important part of the work – to support the exchange of youth of reindeer-herding regions. Before the Norwegian group left for Salekhard, they welcomed a young man from South Yakutia. Anders Oskal expressed the wish to continue and to develop such exchange. Each region will develop in its own way, but the sides could inspire each other.
According to the Secretary General of the Association, organizing of reindeer husbandry of Sami people differs from traditional. As for percentage of their herds they have few deer males, what makes reindeer husbandry more vulnerable to both industrial development and climate change. When snow falls and pastures are covered with ice crust, deer females are less able to break through to food, and this is a problem. Due to changes in legislation, the role of women in reindeer husbandry is decreasing.
Since nomadic families in Scandinavia travel incomplete, not as in Yamal, this led to the fact that reindeer husbandry became semi-nomadic and semi-sedentary. It influenced on transfer of traditional knowledge to the next generation and negatively affects preservation of traditional lifestyle, including language. Previously, there were 11 dialects of Sami language, some of which disappeared, and the rest part is at the weak level. The northern dialect is spoken by 20 thousand Sami people, the southern dialect — by 800 people, and less than 50 Sami speak a special dialect that exists in Finland. Anders Oskal notes that, as far as he knows, Sami people in Russia also have a problem with preservation of dialects.