Development of communities is an achievement. The Association of the World Reindeer Herders will adopt lessons of Yamal
11:43 27 ноября 2018
Категории: News in English
The chairman of the board of the Association of the World Reindeer Herders, the sitting of which took place in Salekhard, Mikhail Pogodayev focused attention on development of community movement in Yamal.
“One third of amount of reindeer meat being delivered comes from them, and this is a big achievement”, as he said to journalists. – “For example, in Yakutia we try to develop communities, but they can not manufacture such amount of products. But actually, communities are the form of preservation of traditional lifestyle, they have the priority access to natural and land resources, and we try to develop this sphere. To make it economically effective – this is what we should learn from Yamal”.
Within the sitting of the board of the Association of the World Reindeer Herders, the director of the department of agro-industrial complex of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Viktor Yugai told about such new forms of economy being introduced in reindeer husbandry as peasant farm holdings and agricultural commodity cooperatives. At that, as he notes, the region has its own successful system formed by reindeer herders.
The system of organizations, which partially fulfill functions of agricultural cooperatives, works in Yamal: these are communities of indigenous ethnic minorities of the North. Viktor Yugai presented such figures. Now there are 22 national communities uniting about 400 families of private reindeer herders in Yamal. In total, there are more than 150 thousand reindeer in the communities. Since 2010 amounts of meat production in these categories have 8 times increased – within the last year slaughter campaign more than 800 tonnes of venison or one third of the total amount of meat procurement in the region.
Though national communities have not the status of agricultural commodity producers but their status is enshrined legislatively at the regional level. They have the status of subjects of state support – each kilogram of meat delivered to slaughter complexes is subsidized. More than 100 million rubles are allocated for this aim per year.
Today Yamal has all the opportunities in order a private reindeer herder would become a full-fledge subject of business or an individual reindeer herder — entrepreneur, who is responsible for his reindeer, for land, where he pastures them.
And consumer cooperation uniting such reindeer herders in the prospect will become the self-regulating system in the branch. Its advantages for population are obvious – stable revenues and the opportunity of development without leaving the familiar environment of residence. Also it is planned gradually to move away from spontaneous pasturing of reindeer and cumbersome inefficient forms of management in reindeer husbandry.