The tangle of problems. Scientists chose the Gulf of Ob and the Taz Estuary as the priority for research
15:18 28 ноября 2018
Категории: News in English
In the evening of the 27th of November in Salekhard the participants of the scientific and practical conference “Obdoriya. Modern scientific research in the Arctic” summed up the results of the two-day work in five sections and brought in tens of suggestions to the resolution.
The chief of the board on science of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Dmitry Zamyatin spoke to a correspondent of the news agency “Sever-Press”. He underlines importance of the fact that scientists in detail consider forming of applied scientific researches, which can and should help inhabitants and the regional authorities to solve topical problems. This time the scientists from several academic institutions spoke for that the government of the region would define such interesting, complicated and important objects such as the Gulf of Ob and the Taz Estuary as the priority for research for the coming 5 years. They suggested elaborating the targeted program on complex assessment of modern geo-ecological state of the Gulf of Ob and the Taz Estuary and the forecast of their transformation in conditions of changing climate and growing anthropogenic impact. Interests, problems of gas and transportation industry, of indigenous peoples of the North residing on the shores, old residents working in settlements are concentrated exactly there.
“The scientists with a delicate but complex approach inherent in them try to find decisions, alternatives and variants of solving of these or those problems”, as Dmitry Zamyatin said. — “First of all, it touches upon issues of preservation of fish resources, high ecological standards of industrial gas extraction, in order it would be conducted at the modern level without breaking ecological systems that exist in the Arctic. We highly appreciate their expert assessments and initiative”.
For example, ichthyologists recommended the government for preservation of precious species of fish to use specially protected natural territories and temporal (for spawning and wintering seasons) areas of protection of fish resources on key water areas, including for exclusion of illegal fishery. Very big attention at the conference was paid to issues of development of specially protected natural territories, including technical and scientific development of scientific-research testing grounds on the area of specially protected natural territories.
According to Dmitry Zamyatin, global climate changes are taking place now, and many models and paradigms, on which scientists relied on, are changing. Fears on thawing of permafrost soils appear, and the power strengthens attention to these problems. The researchers also consider the fact that not only the climate is changing but also the society and the system of public relations. Here the scientists also try to elaborate clear recommendations understandable for the authorities. Some of them have been given, for example, to consider social needs of nomadic population: education, juridical help at the local level, more intensive inclusion of digitalization of life with consideration of northern distances. Much was discussed in the sphere of ecological risks of health of town-dwellers. Hypotheses were expressed.
“We hope that the interesting resolution will be written, and it will contain both general approaches of science to problems of the region and concrete suggestions on preservation of biological resources, diversity of indigenous peoples, decrease in risks for health of concrete groups of population in the region”, as he concluded.