Residents of Yamal are celebrating the birthday of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
16:54 10 декабря 2018
Категории: News in English
The day of formation of autonomous regions is marked in Russia on the 10th of December. Exactly on this day in 1930 the presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee adopted the decree “On organization of national associations in districts of settlement of small nationalities of the North”. Yamal (Nenets) Okrug with the center in the settlement Obdorsk was formed among 8 new national regions of RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic). On the 20th of June of 1933 the settlement Obdorsk was renamed to township Salekhard, and its rural council was reorganized into the township council. 45734 people, including 15348 nomadic people, lived in the region in 1939, according to the All-Union census.
Today about 546 thousand people or 0.7 people per one square kilometer, reside on the territory of Yamal, which takes 750 thousand 300 kilometers. At that, the Autonomous Okrug takes the third place in Russia on the amount of taxes delivered to the federal budget. Since 2000 this figure has 5 times increased. The gross regional product of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug grows on an average on 14.5% per year.
91% of the whole natural gas of the country (23.7% of global production) and more than 14% of Russian oil and gas condensate are extracted in Yamal. In total the region manufactures more than 54% of primary energy resources of Russia. At that, a giant part of natural reserves of the region is only waiting for its industrial exploration.
Development of gas reserves of the peninsula and the shelf of the Kara Sea is one of global long-term projects. 11 gas-bearing and 15 oil, gas, condensate fields were discovered here. Potential resources with consideration of gas on the shelf are estimated in 50 trillion 500 milliard cubic meters, liquid hydrocarbons – more than 5 milliard tonnes.
Today Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug is a stable, dynamically developing region, where solid basis is laid for further socioeconomic development; it allows building full-scale plans for the future. The strategy on development of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug till 2020 elaborated in the government of the region connects development of fuel and energy complex with formation of new branches of regional economy necessary for modern life.
The governor of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Dmitry Artyukhov congratulated residents of the region with the 88th anniversary since the day of formation.