A research station will be opened in Seyakha. Tundra dwellers will help scientists
9:51 29 января 2019
Категории: News in English
Tomsk State University with assistance of the government of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug and the scientific center for study of the Arctic will organize the research station “Seyakha”. The settlement of the same name, one of the northernmost populated areas of Yamalskiy district, is its location. In the zone of typical and arctic tundra the scientists will study changes in the environment, causes of transformations and the degree of their impact on local population. The new station will be part of the international network SecNet created under the aegis of Tomsk State University to study Siberia, as it is informed in Tomsk State University.
“Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug pays special attention to development of scientific research stations in the Arctic”, as the head of the office for coordination of scientific activity under the department of external relations of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Dmitry Zamyatin said. – “The station “Seyakha” will allow significantly expanding the range of applied and fundamental researches in arctic tundra and water areas of the Kara Sea, therefore, the government of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug is ready to provide comprehensive support for development of the station, including financial support. The research program on the station is being formed by employees of the University and the scientific center for study of the Arctic”.
“The place for the station was finally approved in December 2018 within the joint trip to Seyakha of representatives of the University and the department of external relations of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug”, — the director of BioClimLand Center at Tomsk State University Sergey Kirpotin said. – “In addition to the main base we shall be able to use a hunting lodge. The chairman of the Union of communities of indigenous ethnic minorities of the North (Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug) Mikhail Okotetto is ready to provide it for the scientists within field researches. We accepted his suggestion with big gratitude, the building is located at the same place as the potential objects of research, and it removes a significant part of transport problems”.
According to Sergey Kirpotin, in summer of 2019 work on several interdisciplinary projects will take place at the station “Seyakha”. Within one of them it is planned to study biogeochemistry of small rivers and lakes. First of all, the specialists are interested in concentration of dissolved carbon, emission of which contributes to forming of the greenhouse effect that affects the climate of the planet. Majority of these reservoirs are situated in remote places, therefore, at the moment they are poorly studied. In addition, the specialists of the BioClimLand Center will explore khasyrey areas promising for creation of green oases in the Arctic (the note: khasyrey is a geological feature, a form of relief typical for Tyumen Oblast and Yakutia, where it is called “alas”).
“Scientists do not stay here for long time, they do not go as far as reindeer herders do, who reach the Arctic Ocean”, the chairman of the Union of communities of indigenous peoples of the North Mikhail Okotetto said. – “Local residents could help the researchers and tell about appearing of new plants, insects or animals. For example, in recent years new dragonflies appeared, crows settled, earlier they were not seen here. In summer grass began to grow. On one hand it is good, on the other — not, as the amount of moss, the main food for reindeer becomes smaller. In winter there are sudden changes in temperature from -40°C to -10°C degrees. Snow storms became more often, it is bad for us, as reindeer can be lost, it is necessary to search for them. We are the first to see and feel changes in nature”.
According to Mikhail Okotetto, local residents are ready to share information with the scientists. Moreover, they could help to ensure continuity of some observations – to take necessary readings during absence of the scientists. In their turn people are waiting for help from the researchers, not only in terms of explanation of changes, but also in terms of education. Stay of the scientists in Seyakha, acquaintance with their work, simple tasks related to observations over nature could be interesting for children, encourage them to study, to receive higher education.