Scientists presented obligatory terms for being in Yamal
15:52 11 марта 2019
Категории: News in English
The study of special features of human interaction with nature in northern conditions, knowledge about how culture of indigenous peoples of the North appeared should become obligatory terms for being of non-indigenous peoples on northern territories, as scientists say. This is especially important today, when industrial development of Yamal is taking place, and migration flows to the region are increasing.
“Indigenous peoples of the North pointed the way to survival by following the laws of nature. The system of knowledge transfer is the main feature of their traditional culture. This is a stream of continuously accumulating adaptation experience of life in extreme conditions. Since infancy a northern person receives information about how to live fully on the land of eternal ice. Exactly in the Subarctic indigenous peoples achieved amazing results of adaptation to nature”, said Gennady Zaytsev, the director of the center for regional reference books at Tyumen State University. “Here we can see another important idea – interconnection and complementarity of society and nature in order to continue life within the undeniably dominant role of nature”.
As the historian explains, since the initial settlement of the Subarctic in the Mesolithic period (7-8 thousand years ago) a human was associated with a reindeer and, following it, came far to the North. People started leading nomadic lifestyle, going to tundra for summer, to forests — for winter. According to the department of strategic communications at Tyumen State University, this is the way how sedentary and semi-sedentary cultures appeared in Yamal. Religious views of indigenous peoples of the North, especially Nenets people of Yamal, have several bright features that differ from worldview of the world religions. Ethnic groups of Nenets people with strong traditional and cultural potential are still preserved within Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug: Yamal, Polar-Ural, Gydan, Taz groups of nomadic tundra Nenets people, Numto-Pur group of forest Nenets people.