Scientists of the scientific center for study of the Arctic and Lomonosov Moscow State University are conducting joint research on climate-hazardous impact of large-scale industrial emissions on aerosol pollution and ecosystem of the arctic region. The research aerosol complex was installed four kilometers away from Salekhard for analysis of air quality and state of aerosol load of the atmosphere. The complex includes an aethalometer — a device for continuous measurement of black carbon concentration in the air. Combustion products of anthropogenic and natural origin are its source. This information was given to the news agency “Sever-Press” in the department of external relations of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
“Aerosols are suspended particulates in the atmosphere that are accumulated and transported over long distances, determining air pollution and processes taking place in it, including heating. Considerable climate warming in the Arctic, melting of glaciers, which we are seeing today, are the consequences of aerosol emissions associated with human economic activity”, explained the leading researcher of Lomonosov Moscow State University, candidate of physics-mathematical sciences Olga Popovicheva.
The research aerosol complex will operate on the area of Salekhard for three months. Analysis of meteorological conditions, wind direction and air mass transfer on different days will show the degree of air pollution as a result of removal from the urban area, from industrialized regions of Siberia and north-west of Europe. The data will be sent to the scientific center for study of the Arctic and Moscow State University. The head of the scientific corporation Magee Scientific Company Anthony Hansen, who has 30 years of experience in aerosol research in the Arctic, worked on installing of equipment together with the Russian scientists.
In August the scientists plan to transfer the equipment to Beliy Island to continue research in the high-latitude Arctic. The project was supported by the grant of Russian Foundation for Basic Research — Arctic and is being fulfilled within three years. The work of the scientists from Moscow on assessment of impact of aerosol emissions of the urban environment was supported by the Russian geographical society.
Yamal and its northern territory, Beliy Island, are geographically located in the path of transport of air masses to the Arctic. The region itself is a rapidly developing industrial center. The study of impact of emissions of industrial complex on the territory of the region is absolutely significant. There are no analogues of the installed research complex in the Russian Arctic.
The expedition of the scientific center for study of the Arctic and Lomonosov Moscow State University was held in February this year to Noyabrsk. It was conducted in order to analyze aerosol emissions from anthropogenic sources, as well as to develop methodology for mobile and highly effective analysis of state of the atmosphere. Influence of the anthropogenic factor on air quality in the region was analyzed. Samples of snow cover and air were taken. Development of methodology of mobile and highly effective analysis of the atmosphere was one of the objectives of the expedition.