Nomadic reindeer husbandry in Yamal has begun since the 6th century. It has been proven
14:55 1 сентября 2019
Категории: News in English
The results of long-term interdisciplinary research of materials on the archaeological monument Yarte VI on the Yamal Peninsula were published in the respected scientific journal “Arctic Anthropology” being published by the University of Wisconsin (the USA) and being included in the database “Scopus”. The article is dedicated to study of numerous remains of reindeer in the cultural layer. Andrey Plekhanov, a senior researcher of the archaeological sector of the scientific center for study of the Arctic and his colleagues from Canada are the authors of the publication.
The medieval “ancient settlement” Yarte VI is a unique monument of Yamal tundra. Opened in 1990, it brought new knowledge to scientists about human exploration of the Arctic. According to the scientific center for study of the Arctic, stationary excavations on the site were carried out in the 1990-s and in 2013. The collection of artifacts includes several hundred pieces of ceramics, items made of wood, bone and metal, as well as an unprecedented number of reindeer remains.
The archaeologists from Yamal together with the anthropologists from Canada have analyzed the collected material for several years. Dating of the complex on the radiocarbon method showed that the monument had belonged to the XI century AD. The authors suppose that population visited “the ancient settlement” during migration of wild deer. The settlement itself, according to Andrey Plekhanov, was a technological center for processing of reindeer skins and making items of bone. Reindeer were also used as a transport mean and for hunting wild herds in the early middle ages. At the end of the publication the authors draw conclusions about formation of nomadic reindeer husbandry in the region already in the VI century AD. In their opinion, this knowledge will help in study of unique history of the Siberian Arctic.
As we should add, the day of the archaeologist is marked on the 15th of August. The sector of archaeology was established in the scientific center for study of the Arctic in 2012. Scientists study ancient and medieval history of the Arctic region on materials of archaeological monuments. They obtained new knowledge about formation of large-herd reindeer husbandry in Yamal, development of net fishing, construction, ceramic production and stone industry, ancient decorative art, trade and cultural ties of ancestors of indigenous people of the region, their material and spiritual culture. The collection “Arkheologiya Arktiki” (Arctic Archaeology)” dedicated to interdisciplinary research of archaeological monuments in the circumpolar region has been published since 2012 on the initiative of the scientific center. In 2017 Salekhard hosted the similarly-named international conference, which brought together more than 70 Russian and foreign scientists. Employees of the sector of archaeology in the center for study of the Arctic are participants of prestigious international grants, regularly present their research at international scientific conferences.