Residents of Yamal will learn about life in Mangazeya
15:57 2 сентября 2019
Категории: News in English
The famous exposition “Mangazeya — the first Russian town in the Siberian Arctic” is traveling around towns of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. The collection, which was formed during archaeological research, is considered one of the rarities in the collection of the main Museum of Yamal. It is possible to see the mobile exhibition in the Museum of history and archaeology of Nadym till the 30th of October. From the 10th of October to the 10th of November the mobile exhibition will be opened in the Museum resource center in Noyabrsk.
As it should be reminded, 1601 is the date of foundation of Mangazeya Ostrog (fortress). As a town, Mangazeya appeared in 1606-1607, it was a typical northern Russian town in Siberia. The task of the expositions of both exhibitions built on different items of one and the same collection is to give an idea of the content of the concept “Northern Russian town in Siberia”.
Both expositions include 9 sections: “History of appearing of the town”, “Trade”, “Fishing”, “Crafts”, “Weapons, hunting, transport”, “The pub in Mangazeya”, “Home decor”, “World of childhood, literacy”, “Religion”.
The unique finds tell in detail about how this trading, craftwork town lived. Richness of the finds of Mangazeya allows telling about people, who lived in the northern Russian town 400 years ago.
It is known that hunting and meat procuring were the primary activity of inhabitants of Mangazeya, they also got valuable furs, not in the town itself, but at the considerable distance, they caught fish and manufactured products: fish flour, fish oil, sturgeon glue and others. Craftspeople were busy with leather, shoemaking, bone-carving crafts, non-ferrous metallurgy. Many finds speak that the population was literate — both artisans and traders. Numerous finds of children’s toys and shoes tell about constancy of life in the town. Leisure of grownups was mostly moral wrong – games of chance flourished, but some inhabitants liked to play chess. The pub, details of a distiller, fragments of shtof-bottles were found during the excavations (the note: shtof is a square bottle containing 1.23 liters). Population of Mangazeya in the XVII century preserved the ancient Slavic beliefs and views, performed pagan rites, despite the fact that the town had three churches and a chapel. Some tragedy to the story about the town is given by the fact that the town had short life — only 71 years, but in this short period of time the town managed to play one of the most important roles in history of development of the North by Russian population.
Today “Mangazeya ancient settlement” is a monument of archaeology of all-Russian significance, located in Krasnoselkoup district of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.