Scientists offered “malitsa” as outfit for military men, gas workers and tourists
15:13 11 марта 2020
Категории: News in English
Russian scientists put on and tested the tundra Nenets outerwear and called for borrowing its design in manufacture of outfit for military men, gas workers and tourists in the Far North. According to the authors of the study, it is optimal to use reindeer fur for sewing such outfit or to develop materials that are as similar as possible to it. The article describing the work was published in the scientific journal Heliyon (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405844020302000), as the press service of the Russian Science Foundation writes briefly about it.
Tundra Nenets people live on territories, where winter lasts about 230 days, and the air temperature drops up to 62°C degrees below zero. In order to understand what the feature of clothing that helps Nenets people survive in such severe conditions is, the researchers themselves tested the fur coats in field conditions, as TASS reports. A set of men’s clothing that is used on the territory from the Kola Peninsula to Yamal was taken as an example.
It is noted that the outerwear of the Arctic nomads have been created for centuries in the expectation of multifunctional use.
“Traditional fur clothing of Nenets people is not just a fur coat-shirt with a hood made of solid cloth with fur inside, but a real set-transformer. If to remove a belt from the waist and to tie the fur coat under the bent knees, it turns into a sleeping bag, in which it is possible to sleep in the snow. And thanks to hollow hairs of reindeer fur, the fur coat keeps a person afloat if he fall into the water”, explained Svetlana Kravchuk, one of the authors of the study, an employee of the Ural State University of Architecture and Art.
The researchers note that Nenets people make clothes of reindeer fur, since this material can withstand temperatures up to 60°C degrees below zero.
“It consists of thick hollow hairs and undercoat that retains warmth inside. Military men in the Arctic must consume 5 thousand kilo-calories to make up for the energy spent to maintain body temperature. In clothes made of reindeer fur a person spends the same amount of energy as if he were in the milder climate. The data obtained can be used to develop new materials similar to the structure of reindeer fur and to create clothing like that being worn by nomadic peoples of the Arctic”, as it is said in the report. (The note: “malitsa” is a man’s fur coat of nomads).